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The prosperity of rural areas and the nation as a whole depend on a thriving agricultural industry. Management responses to inputs of labour and materials are determined by all the chemical, physical, and biological qualities of a soil, as well as the accompanying climate. Predictions of soil productivity and yield may be made in two main ways: (a) by making comparisons of soil parameters and fundamental understanding of plant requirements; and (b) by making judgments based on evidence supplied by actual yield data from sample regions of the soil mapping units. Theoretically, determining the features of the manifestation and development of elementary soil processes on agricultural lands and determining the practical need for agro-ecological and hygienic estimation of soils in zones of the developing negative processes that worsen the qualitative state of land necessitate establishing the degree of degradation alterations and anthropogenic transformation of the soil. The solution consists in revitalising techniques like intelligent crop rotation and shifting attention to biological products to promote soil health, spreading the prudent use of agrochemicals, decreasing reliance on fertilisers and pesticides.
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