Agricultural Soil FertilityDeteriorationand its MitigationinNadia District, West Bengal

Main Article Content

Falguni Bag


The prosperity of rural areas and the nation as a whole depend on a thriving agricultural industry. Management responses to inputs of labour and materials are determined by all the chemical, physical, and biological qualities of a soil, as well as the accompanying climate. Predictions of soil productivity and yield may be made in two main ways: (a) by making comparisons of soil parameters and fundamental understanding of plant requirements; and (b) by making judgments based on evidence supplied by actual yield data from sample regions of the soil mapping units. Theoretically, determining the features of the manifestation and development of elementary soil processes on agricultural lands and determining the practical need for agro-ecological and hygienic estimation of soils in zones of the developing negative processes that worsen the qualitative state of land necessitate establishing the degree of degradation alterations and anthropogenic transformation of the soil. The solution consists in revitalising techniques like intelligent crop rotation and shifting attention to biological products to promote soil health, spreading the prudent use of agrochemicals, decreasing reliance on fertilisers and pesticides.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Bag, F. (2022). Agricultural Soil FertilityDeteriorationand its MitigationinNadia District, West Bengal. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES, ENGINEERING, SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT, 3(02), 52–57. Retrieved from


Blanco, R.; Nieuwenhuyse, A. Influence of topographic and edaphic factors on vulnerability to soil degradation due to cattle grazing in humid tropical mountains in northern Honduras. Catena 2011, 86, 130–137.

Lal, R. Managing Carbon for Restoring Degraded Soils. Sustainability 2015 7, 5875–5895.

Lehman, R.M.; Cambardella, C.A.; Stott, D.E.; Acosta-Martinez, V.; Manter, D.K.; Buyer, J.S.; Maul, J.E.; Smith, J.L.; Collins, H.P.; Halvorson, J.J. Understanding and Enhancing Soil Biological Health: The Solution for Reversing Soil Degradation. Sustainability 2015, 7, 988–1027.

Bhattacharyya, R.; Ghosh, B.N.; Mishra, P.K.; Mandal, B.; Rao, C.; Sarkar, D.; Das, K.; Anil, K.S.; Lalitha, M.; Hati, K.M.; et al. Soil Degradation in India: Challenges and Potential Solutions. Sustainability 2015, 7, 3528–3570.

Wall, D.; Six, J. Give soils their due. Science 2015, 347, 695.

Ramankutty, N.; Foley, J.A.; Olejniczak, N.J. People on the land: Changes in global population and croplands during the 20th century. AMBIO 2002, 31, 251–257.

Sanchez, P.A.; Swaminathan, M.S. Cutting world hunger in half. Science 2005, 307, 357–359.

Hillel, D. Out of the Earth: Civilization and the Life of the Soil; University of California Press: Oakland, CA, USA, 1991.

Lal, R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration in India. Clim. Change 65: 277-296.

Mukhopadhyay, D., Mani, P. K. and Sanyal, S. K. 2002. Effect of phosphorus, arsenic and farmyard manure on arsenic availability in some soils of West Bengal. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 50: 56-61.

Mandal, B., Majumder, B., Bandopadhyay, P. K., Hazra, G. C., Gangopadhyay, A., Samantaroy, R. N., Misra, A. K., Chowdhuri, J., Saha, M. N. and Kundu, S. 2007. The potential of cropping systems and soil amendments for carbon sequestration in soils under long-term experiments in subtropical India. Global Change Biol. 13: 357-369.

Pathak, H., Mohanty, S., Jain, N. and Bhatia, A. 2010. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium budgets in Indian agriculture. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 86: 287-299.

Singh, M. V. 2001. Evaluation of micronutrient status in different agroecological zones of India. Fert. News 46: 25-42.

Swarup, A. and Wanjari, R. H. 2000. Three decades of All India Coordinated Research Projects on long-term fertilizer experiments to study changes in soil quality, crop productivity and sustainability, Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, India.

Vohra, B. B. 1980. A Policy for Land and Water, Volume 18. Department of Environment, Government of India, New Delhi, India. pp. 64- 70. Yadav, R. L., Dwivedi, B. S. and Pandey, P. S. 2000. Rice-wheat cropping systems: assessment of sustainability under green manuring and chemical fertilisers input. Field Crops Res. 65: 15-30.